Özet: When it was established in Strasbourg in 1959, the European Court of Human Rights did not immediately provide a viable mechanism for Turkish human rights litigation. This was because Turkey, though a founding Member State of the Council of Europe which ratified the European Convention on Human Rights1 in 1954, did not initially recognise the right of individuals to bring claims in Strasbourg, nor did it accept the Court’s compulsory jurisdiction. After several decades, however, individual Strasbourg litigation against Turkey became possible. In 1987, the same year it applied for European Union membership and declared a State of Emergency in most of its eastern and south-eastern provinces, Turkey accepted the right of individual complaint.3 Then, in 1990, it accepted the Court’s compulsory jurisdiction. In 1995, the Court issued its first judgment against Turkey in the Loizidou case, finding a violation of Article 1 of Protocol 1 (protection of property).
Yazar: Chad Priest